Stem cell transplant cures the fourth patient

The method has been used before to treat three other individuals, including a woman. However, the recent case involves the oldest patient yet.

The not-so-straightforward transplant

A stem cell transplant is not an easy procedure to operate. In the case of the 66-year-old, it was further complicated due to the fact that he had developed acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), a type of blood cancer that is commonly seen in people who have lived long with HIV, a press release said.

To prepare for the transplant, clinicians put the patient through three chemotherapies to get him into remission. This was less intensive chemotherapy that the City of Hope team has developed for older or less fit patients scheduled for transplant. He received this transplant three years ago, following which he continued his retroviral treatment till March 2021, when the research team confirmed that he could stop taking the medications.

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