James Webb Space Telescope captures images of ‘grand design spiral’ Phantom Galaxy

For instance, the ESA has contributed to the NIRSpec, MIRI Instrument and also worked to launch the telescope last year. The ESA’s efforts are being rewarded by guaranteeing at least 15 percent of the JWST observation time, an arrangement that was also followed for the Hubble Space Telescope.

Capturing the Phantom Galaxy

The Phantom Galaxy lies 32 million light years away from the Earth in the constellation Pisces and is located face-on to our planet. This makes it easier to view it as an object of study.

In addition to this, the spatial arms of the galaxy also make it an attractive object to viewing in the skies. There are many spiral galaxies out there. However, their spirals are rather “patchy and ragged to structures,” ESA wrote on its website. In sharp contrast, the M74’s spiral arms are prominent and well-defined, earning it the moniker “grand design spiral.”

The Hubble Space Telescope has also captured the M74 using its sensors that can capture ultraviolet and visible spectrum wavelengths, and so have other observatories such as Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, ALMA, which is based on the ground.

How JWST sees the Phantom Galaxy

The JWST recently captured images of the Phantom Galaxy M74 using its Mid-InfraRed Instrument (MIRI). According to NASA’s page on the JWST, the MIRI covers a wavelength range of 5-28 microns and is also equipped with a camera. This allows the instrument to capture wide-field, broadband images of distant galaxies, newly forming stars, and comets that are faintly visible too.

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